Hemorrhoid: Symptoms, Causes and Treatments..


Hemorrhoid also referred to as pile is a condition in which the veins in your anus and lower rectum are swollen. It is a source of discomfort and is very common. Find out the symptoms, causes, preventions and treatments of hemorrhoid.

Diagram of the human anus.

According to mayo clinic, 3 out 4 adults will have hemorrhoid. Although there is no particular cause of hemorrhoid, but it can be caused by straining during bowel movements, obesity or pregnancy.
Hemorrhoids can either be internal or external. The former develops within the rectum why the latter develops outside the anus.

Symptoms of hemorrhoids

Signs and symptoms of hemorrhoid

  • Itching in your anal region
  • Pain and discomfort
  • Uneasy bowel movement

The symptoms of hemorrhoid commonly depend on the location of the hemorrhoid (Whether it is internal or external). Hemorrhoid is not life threatening without treatment. But if you have hemorrhoid often, then it can cause weakness due to blood loss.

Bleeding during bowel movement is the most common sign of hemorrhoids. It is necessary to consult your doctor if you notice that you bleed frequently or the hemorrhoid causes more pain.
However, there are other conditions that can cause rectal bleeding, especially for those above the age of forty (anal cancer can also cause rectal bleeding).


People with extensive bleeding elsewhere in their digestive system can also experience bleeding coupled with consistent color change of their solid waste products.

Causes of hemorrhoids

Some people are more likely to have hemorrhoid than others, aging people are at a higher risk because the tissue that support the veins in their rectum is weak. Also, pregnant women are also at a higher risk due to the extra pressure the body exact on their anal region. If your parents have hemorrhoids, there are chances that you will have it too.
Some causes include:

  • Lifting heavy object
  • Pregnancy
  • Sitting for a long period on the toilet
  • Low-fiber diet
  • Aging

Diagnosis of Hemorrhoid

Hemorrhoids can be diagnosed based on physical exam and medical history.

Human intestine.

Physical exam

In physical exam, your doctor will check areas around your anus for

  • Swelling or lumps
  • Prolapsed
  • External hemorrhoids with a
  • blood clot in a vein
  • Skin irritation
  • Leakage of stool or mucus

Medical history

The doctor normally ask you to provide your medical history, he may also ask you some questions like: your toilet habit, eating habit and current medical conditions.
Sometimes your doctor might use colonoscopy to diagnose the whole colon, to ensure you don’t have another digestive system disease.

Treatments and preventions of hemorrhoid (pile)

You can treat your hemorrhoids at home by the following ways

Use wet toilet paper

Avoid the use of dry toilet paper. Preferably use moist toilet paper that is not perfumed and also alcohol free.

Soak in warm water bath

Soak your anal area in plain warm water, from 15 to 20 minutes three to four times daily. You can use a sitz bath in during this, it fits the toilet seat. This helps to relieve the pain caused by the pile.

Keep anal area clean

Bathing to cleanse the skin around your anus with warm water is also recommended. Also remember to gently wipe the anal area with soft material after bathing.

Eat foods with high fiber content

Fiber foods
Fruits and vegetables can be a very good source of fiber in our diets.

Undoubtedly, eating more vegetables and grains can help to soften the stool. Also, it helps to avoid straining, which can worsen symptoms from existing hemorrhoids.


Take oral pain relievers

Using pain relievers like Ibuprofen, Acetaminophen can temporary help you relieve discomfort from the hemorrhoid.

How to prevent hemorrhoids

Eat fiber

We already discussed it earlier in the treatment of hemorrhoids. As we said,  the easiest way of getting fiber is from plants.


Physical activities help to keep your blood and bowel moving.


Drink water

Drinking water

Drinking water have numerous health benefits, it will help you to avoid constipation, reducing the strain during bowel movement. Also remember to use the toilet as soon as you feel the urge.

Now you know the symptoms, causes,preventions and treatments of hemorrhoid, It is good to prevent hemorrhoid if you don’t have it, but with simple home treatment, it will go away in a short time. However, it is advisable to visit your doctor immediately if you experience severe pain or bleeding.

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