Migraine can cause you an unbearable pain. It is a type of headache usually on a particular part of the head. In some people, it is accompanied by vomiting, nausea and sensitivity to light and sound. Also, migraine can you feel light-headed and can cause fainting too in some cases.
Migraine can last for few hours or days. You are advised to visit your doctor if you notice symptoms of migraine. These symptoms include: abrupt and severe headache like a thunder-clap, mental confusion, stiff neck etc.
Anybody can suffer migraine headache. But some factors can make you more susceptible to the condition. These includes:
Headache usually affects boys more than girls during their childhood. But, the reverse seems to be the case after puberty. This makes women more susceptible to migraine.
Check your family history, if you have any member of your family suffering from migraine. People with such family records are also likely to suffer migraine headache too.
Changes in hormone
Migraine usually occurs in women before or shortly after menstruation. Also, women can be affected during the early stages of pregnancy. Some of them will notice a lesser pain or will not experience any pain at a later stage of the pregnancy.
Migraine can affect anybody at any age. But, it is common during adolescence and at its peak during your 30’s.
Causes of migraine
Although, the particular cause of migraine headache is unknown. But, they seem to be related to changes in the brain and parental inheritance. Scientists related migraine to changes in blood flow in the brain. Also, some believe it is caused by flaws in the brain that is genetically passed down.
Some common migraine triggers
Using oral contraceptives and vasodilators such as nitroglycerin can trigger migraine headache.
Intense physical activities, including sexual activities may provoke migraine.
Sudden change in your sleep pattern
Sleeping more than or less than your normal sleeping period, can trigger migraine too.
When you’re stressed, your body will react to the stress by producing hormones that can cause changes in your blood system, provoking migraines.
Hormonal changes in women
Women with history of migraines often report headaches immediately before or during their periods. This is caused by oestrogen fluctuations which triggers headache.
Products and beverages with high caffeine content may trigger migraine. Also, alcohol may trigger migraine too. However, caffeine itself can be a treatment for acute migraine attacks.
Certain foods additives like the sweetener Aspartame can cause migraine headache. Also, aged cheeses and salty foods may trigger migraines too.
Prevention of migraine
Preventing common migraine triggers has always been recommended. But recently, some migraine coping strategies may help you reduce migraine severity.
Learn to Cope (LTC), in this coping strategy, you are gradually exposed to headache triggers to help desensitize you of them. It can be combined with cognitive behavioral therapy. However, more research is carried out to find the possible ways of improving the effectiveness of this strategy.
Controlling stress is very important in the prevention of migraine. Try to create a consistent schedule, including in your sleeping and feeding pattern.
Preventive migraine medications can make the headache less painful. Also, women who often get migraine around their periods can use these preventive medications during that time of the month.
Lifestyle change and medications will immensely help in the prevention of migraine. Also, you can make use of devices like the Trans-cutaneous supra orbital Nerve Stimulation (t-SNS). People using these devices confirmed to experience fewer migraine headache.